We’re looking for the best camera manufacturer: Canon vs. Sony
Canon has been the best-selling brand of interchangeable lens cameras for more than a decade but now faces increased competition. Two years ago, Sony became the second best-selling brand of full frame cameras thanks to its Alpha series non-mirror line. In 2019, it displaced Nikon from second place in sales of any camera. Will Canon keep the advantage? Between Canon vs. Sony, which one has the best camera?
This question is similar to the debate between Apple vs. Android: the answer is relative. If you want an optical viewfinder, a digital reflex (DSLR) is your choice and that’s where Canon comes in. But if you’re looking for the latest video features or the best performance in a camera without a mirror, Sony leads. Canon entered the non-mirror category last year with the EOS R but is still catching up with Sony. But if you have a lot of Canon lenses, it balances the balance.
Canon was founded in 1933 as Kwanon. It originally focused on optics but quickly became known for its cameras. Throughout its history, it has led the way in a number of technological features, from adding a video to fixed cameras to synchronizing flash. The EOS series dates back to 1987 when Canon developed an electrical connection between the camera and the lens to share data. Today, it develops massive and professional cameras, from automatic to DSLR and mirrorless. It also has a line of consumer video and film cameras, as well as printers and technology in the office, health and industry sectors.
Sony debuted 13 years after Canon, but only in 1980 did it enter the world of cameras. Unlike Canon (and Nikon), it didn’t start with the roll of film. His first camera, the Mavica, was analog and electronic. Several years passed before the CyberShot series, the compact cameras that have been in use since 1996. Their shorter story is not necessarily a bad thing. He quickly caught up. Sony has pioneered several features in recent years. Sony crosses more product categories, with its name on everything from video game systems to TVs, headphones, smartphones and robots. Yes, it also has a line of professional camcorders and film cameras.
If you are looking for digital SLR alternatives, Canon is your choice. Currently, it has 21 different DSLR kits, although some are repeated and only the lenses vary. Their DSLRs start with the Rebel series, aimed at beginners, such as the EOS Rebel T7i and Rebel SL3. Higher up are the EOS 77D and EOS 80D, which while using the same APS-C sensors, offer more control and customization. Single-digit models, such as the EOS-1D X Mark II and 5D Mark IV, are the most advanced.
Its line of non-mirror cameras is divided into two series, the EOS M for beginners and the EOS R for full frame. The newest is the EOS RP and its entry-level alternative is the most economical ever built.
For those looking for a smaller alternative, the PowerShot automatic series offers many options. The G series, like the PowerShot G1 X Mark III, uses larger sensors for better image quality, while the more economical ones, like the SX and ELPH, are more targeted to the mass audience.
Sony does not have DSLR cameras, but SLT cameras, similar but using a semi-transparent mirror and an electronic viewfinder. Sony no longer develops SLT, but still includes some competitive features. Currently, it has three models: A99 II, A77 II and A68.
Sony’s line without mirror has more strength and amplitude. The A7 and A9 series use full frame sensors. The A7 is the basic option; the A7R, high resolution; and the A7S, for low light. The A9 is a camera aimed at professional sports photographers. Mirrorless APS-C cameras offer similar performance on a lower budget, like the A6400. Unlike Canon’s EOS M and R, Sony’s full frame and cut sensor models are built on the same Sony E stand, so you can use the same lenses.
Sony is perhaps best known for the RX100 and RX10 series of compact cameras, which house a one-inch sensor larger than other alternatives. The RX100 series is more compact, while the RX10 has more zoom. Sony also manufactures low-end automatics, but the RXs are the ones to consider.
Quality of image
While there are differences in how cameras process images, no one will notice if you took them with a Canon or a Sony. A good photo is that. However, that doesn’t mean that there are no differences between Canon vs. Sony.
An item is a color. One brand will have slightly different colors from the other. While it is somewhat subjective, many say Canon has the most realistic colors, with better reproduction of skin tones. But when you record in RAW, an uncompressed file format that captures the highest possible quality, you are free to make your adjustments. For JPEG files, a brand may give you better results.
There are objective differences that show detailed analysis. For example, DxOMark tests reveal that Sony sensors capture more dynamic range, but this difference may be irrelevant. There are incredible images with Sony and Canon cameras.
Between Canon vs. Sony which one offers the best autofocus? Again, it depends.
Canon uses Dual Pixel Autofocus or DPAF technology in their non-mirror and DSLR cameras (when in live view mode). It’s a fast, accurate, phase detection autofocus. One of its advantages is the number of possible focus points: the EOS R has more than 5,000.
Sony also uses phase detection in its mirrorless cameras. Although without so many focus points, it has refined its systems. Its latest cameras are distinguished by excellent eye detection and subject recognition, fast and accurate locking and even subject tracking. It’s the most reliable autofocus.
When it comes to speed, Sony has an advantage. Not only does it dominate the upper end of the range with the A9 and its 20 frames per second, but its mid-range and low-range cameras also have impressive specifications. The input level A7 III reaches 10 fps. While the sports-oriented Canon EOS 1D X Mark II can shoot at 14 fps, Canon’s non-mirror cameras are slower: the EOS R only achieves 5 fps with continuous autofocus.
The location of buttons, menus and ergonomics are key to choosing a camera. In general, we prefer Canon, although this is subjective. Sony menus are more complicated, although this is explained by their additional functions, especially in video.
When it comes to design, it all depends on how you feel the camera in your hands.
Because Sony has a shorter history of cameras with interchangeable lenses, it has fewer alternatives to choose from. It currently offers the main ones and only a few special ones are missing, such as lenses with tilt changes.
Canon probably does not yet have native lenses for its non-mirror systems, but its DSLRs easily adapt to M and R cameras without sacrificing performance or quality. But they can also be adapted to Sony non-mirror cameras and although there may be sacrifices due to dependence on adapters, it’s still a useful way for Sony users to have more lens alternatives.
Price: Canon vs. Sony
Sony and Canon usually have similar prices for their camera bodies, although with some variations. The EOS R list price is $300 higher than the A7 III. With smaller mirrorless cameras, that variation can change: the Canon EOS M50 is $200 dollars cheaper than the Sony A6400.
For lenses, Sony tends to be more expensive, although an equivalent comparison is difficult. Two lenses with similar specifications may use different formulas. That’s how you end up with a 50mm f/1.4 lens that costs less than $400, another can exceed $1,500. Because of their popularity and greater development, Canon lenses are more frequent than Sony lenses.
Like the Tide Pod Challenge, the debate between Canon vs. Sony has no winners. When it comes to mirrored cameras, Sony has an advantage and more features, such as body stabilization and better auto-focus of the eyes. Canon has the best digital SLR and more lens alternatives.
To choose your alternative, you must determine which functions are most important to you, such as speed, autofocus, video, ergonomics or price. Then compare models from both brands that have all or most of the features you need. Make sure he can also use the lens you’re interested in. It’s also not a bad idea to try one, even in a store, to see how it feels in your hands.